situated in Karnataka, under the Chalukya Dynasty, achieved a harmonious
blend of architectural forms from the north and south of India. An
impressive series of nine Hindu temples, as well as a Jain sanctuary can be
seen there. In this group one masterpiece stands out - the Temple of
Virupaksha, built around 740 by Queen Lokamahadevi to commemorate her
husband's victory over the kings from the south.
Pattadakal represents the culmination of early Chalykyan art. Four of the
temples here are in the south Indian Dravidian architectural style while
four are in the north Indian Nagara style while Papanatha temple exhibits a
Another small temple with a fine figure of the Dancing Shiva with Nandi &
Parvathi by his side. Built with a northern style tower, there is a
horse-shoe arched projection on its facade.
The Mallikarjuna & the Virupaksha temples were built by two queens of
Vikaramaditya II to commemorate the victory of the Chalukyas over the
Pallavas. As the Virupaksha temple was built by Queen Lokamahadevi, it was
originally called Lokeshwara. The temple is rich in sculpture like those of
Lingodbhava, Nataraja, Ravananugraha & Ugranarasimha. Built in the
southern Dravida style, it is the largest temple in the enclosure.
Half a Kilometer from the enclosure, on the Pattadakal-Badami Road, is this
Jain temple built in the Dravidian style. It has some very beautiful
sculpture & probably dates from the ninth century.