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India Travels » Pilgrimage-In-India » Golden Temple Amritsar
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Golden Temple Amritsar

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Golden Temple in Amritsar - IndiaA life style based on philosophy which is well ahead of its time, the Sikh religion today has a following of over 20 million people worldwide. Sikhism preaches a message of devotion and remembrance of God at all times, truthful living, equality of mankind, social justice and denounces superstitions and blind rituals. The most significant historical religious center for the Sikhs is The Golden Temple also known as Harmandir Sahib, at Amritsar in the state of Punjab in northern India. It is the inspirational and historical center of Sikhism but is not a mandatory place of pilgrimage or worship. All places where Sri Guru Granth Sahib are installed are considered equally holy for Sikhs.

History of Golden Temple, Amristar
Guru Arjan Sahib, the fifth Nanak, conceived the idea of creating a central place of worship for the Sikhs and he himself designed the architecture of Sri Harmandir Sahib. Earlier the planning to excavate the holy tank (Amritsar or Amrit Sarovar ) was chalked out by Guru Amardas Sahib, the Third Nanak, but it was executed by Guru Ramdas Sahib under the supervision of Baba Budha ji. The Harmandir Sahib, or the sanctum sanatorium, was conceived by Guru Arjan Dev to reflect the resoluteness, clarity and simplicity of the Sikh religion. The Harmindir Sahib today stands as the hallowed symbol of the indestructability of the Sikh faith.

It's Framework
Sri Harmandir Sahib, is built on a 67ft. square platform in the center of the Sarovar (tank). It has a door each on the East, West, North and South. The darshani deori (an arch) stands at the shore end of the causeway. The door panes are decorated with artistic style. It opens on to the causeway or bridge that leads to the main building of Sri Harmandir Sahib. The bridge is connected with the 13 feet wide 'Pardakshna' (circumambulatory path). It runs round the main shrine and it leads to the 'Har ki Paure' (steps of God). On the first floor of 'Har ki Paure', there is continuous reading of Guru Granth Sahib.

Its Architecture
Its architecture represents a unique harmony between the Muslims and the Hindus way of construction work and this is considered the best architectural specimens of the world. It is often quoted that this architecture has created an independent Sikh school of architecture in the history of art in India.

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