(2 out of 5 based on 6 Ratings)
Pin-Code - 700xxx
STD Code - 033
State - West Bengal
Famous for - Cultural capital of India
Best time to visit - Between the months of October to March.
Places to visit - Eden Gardens, Victoria Memorial Hall, Science City etc
Weather - Winter temperature ranges from 15 to 27°C, Summer temperature ranges from 25 to 37°C
Altitude - 9 m (30 ft)
Official Language - Bengali
Languages spoken - Bengali, English, Hindi, Urdu
Kolkata is popularly termed as cultural capital of India and is the well grown capital city of West Bengal. Earlier during the reign of Britishers the region used to be called as the Calcutta but later on in the year of 2001, the name was changed to Kolkata. This city is also deemed to be the financial capital of East India and it erects at the bank of the Hooghly river. This city is ranked at 3rd place, when it comes to number of people living in the city that accounts to be 4.5 million, on counting. This city also has enjoyed the position of being the capital of the whole country of India in the times of British rule. Britishers had assigned it the English name “Calcutta”. This city is known to have produced several unparalleled fashion designers in the country topping the list. Kolkata tourism boasts of number of worth-visiting places and also number of pubs and discotheques to make the nights full of color and music of those paying a visit to this city.
Formerly, Kolkata had been under the ruling of Sirajudaula, the nawaab of Bengal. During his reign, Britishers had made the entry into Bengal after seeking his permission to carry out their trades in Kolkata and other regions of Bengal. They had set up the East India company. Britishers had erected the fort William at the eastern bank of the river Hooghly, which was later on invaded by Sirajudaula, the nawaab of Bengal. There had been several solid reasons behind this attack. He had grown the suspicions regarding the intentions of the Britishers as they had come to do trades, but later on they had begun to raise their own army and that too without making any sorts of communication with the nawaab. This had infuriated Sirajudaula, the nawaab of Bengal and he launched the attack on the fort and drove all the Britishers away from there. Nevertheless, the tide got turned, when the fresh army was delivered from Madras to re-capture the fort. In the famous battle of Plassey, the great nawaab had faced the terrible defeat at the hands of Britishers and he was imprisoned to be slain later. Later, capital of India was shifted from Calcutta to Delhi. As, Calcutta used to be locally pronounced as “Kolikata” by the indigenous populace, name “Kolkata” was later officially adopted.